Lexical family concept and examples

812
Alexander Pearson
Lexical family concept and examples

The lexical family are those groups of words that are joined by the same root or lexeme, which makes the terms have similar meanings. This set of words is also called a word family, precisely because they share the same origin. For example, the lexical family of home would be: casita, casona, casota, caserío, among other words.

On the other hand, the root that causes the lexical or word family to be formed is not necessarily at the beginning of the word, but all the others start or are derived from it. In other words, the root or lexeme is accompanied by either a prefix, an interfix or a suffix. For example: lovebear deslove, onlovear, inloveada, loveios.

Word families are those groups of words that are related to each other by having the same root. Source: pixabay.com.

A lexical family can be made up of primitive words or derived words. The first are those that do not come from any other, but that give rise to new words to expand the communication process. An example is sea. While derived words are born from primitives; for example: seaintimate.

Definition and concept

A lexical family is a group of words that are united by the same root or primitive term (lexeme), this is how new words arise that are useful for the exchange of information.

It is important to note that to belong to the same set, words must be related in terms of their meaning and spelling features. Finally, the words that are derived from the root or lexeme are accompanied by suffixes, prefixes or interfixes.

Examples

Cooperate (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Cooperative.

- Cooperativism.

- Cooperative.

- Cooperative.

- Cooperative.

- Cooperation.

Speak (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Speaks.

- Spoken.

- Talkative.

- Chatty.

- Gossip.

- Speaker.

- Spoken.

Content (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Container.

- Container.

- Contains.

- Contain.

- Sub-content.

Sea (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Marine.

- Sailor.

- Maritime.

- High seas.

- Submarine.

- Seaquake.

- Marine.

- Seamanship.

- Sailor.

- Scuba diving.

- Surge.

- Tide.

Shoes (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Shoemaker.

- Shoe.

- Shoe shop.

- Little shoe.

- Zapatazo.

- Stomp.

- Zapateo.

- Zapatón.

- Sneaker.

Flower (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Flora.

- Flowering.

- Flowered.

- Flower.

- To flourish.

- Blooming.

- Flowering.

- Flower shop.

- Vase.

- Floriculturist.

- Floral.

- Flowery.

- Florist.

- Floron.

House (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Cottage.

- House.

- House.

- Hamlet.

- Home.

- Mansion.

- Stand.

- Box.

Field (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Country.

- Farmer.

- Campito.

- Countryside.

Tree (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Wooded.

- Little tree.

- Dismast.

- Fly.

- Tree.

- Grove.

- Bush.

- Arboreal.

- Arborescent.

- Arborescence.

- Arboreal.

- Arboriculturist.

- Arboriculture.

Market (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Commodity.

- Little market.

- Merchant.

- Supermarket.

- Marketing.

- Jumble sale.

- Marketing.

Bread (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Baker.

- Bakery.

- Bakery.

- Baker.

- Bread.

- breadbasket.

- Draper.

- Paniego.

- Bakery.

Physician (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Medicine.

- Medicate.

- Self-medicate.

- Over medicate.

- Medica.

- Medication.

- Medicate.

- Medicate.

- Medicated.

- Medic.

- Medicinal.

War (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Warrior.

- Warfare.

- Guerrilla.

- War.

- Fierce.

- Warrior.

- Guerrilla.

Art (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Handcrafted.

- Handcrafted.

- Crafts.

- Craftsman.

- Artistic.

- Artist.

Artery (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Arterial.

- Arteriosclerosis.

- Arteriography.

- Arteriole.

- Arteriology.

- Arteritis.

America (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- American.

- Americanist.

- South American.

- North America.

- North American.

- South America.

- Spanish American.

- Central America.

- Latin American.

Book (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Notebook.

- Bookshop.

- Bookseller.

- Libretto.

- Booklet.

- Little book.

Heat (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Warm.

- Hot.

- Fever.

- Heated.

- To warm.

- Heater.

Walk (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Hike.

- Roadmaking.

- Road.

- Walker.

- Walking.

- Little path.

Officer (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Officialism.

- Officialist.

- Informal.

- Officiate it.

- Officialdom.

- NCO.

- Officiality.

- Make official.

Office (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Office worker.

- Clerical.

- Job.

Offense (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Offensive.

- To offend.

- Insulted.

- Offender.

Optimar (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Optimization.

- Optimum.

- Optimize.

- Optimism.

- Optimistic.

Child (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Little boy.

- Baby sister.

- Childhood.

- Childishness.

- Child.

- Childish.

Ball (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Baseball player.

- Pelota player.

- Big ball.

- Rally.

- Rally.

- Pelotica.

Person (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Personal.

- Character.

- Personality.

- Personalism.

- Smart person.

- Personalization.

- Personalize.

- Personify.

- Personality.

- Representative.

- Personification.

- Personify.

Fishing (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Fishing.

- Fishwife.

- Fish shop.

- Fishmonger.

- Fish.

- Whiting.

- Fisherman.

Love (lexeme)

Lexical family:

- Love affair.

- Loved.

- Heartbreak.

- Fell in love.

- Loving.

- Infatuation.

- Amorous.

Hair

- Hairless.

- Wig.

- Barber.

- Fur.

- Fluff.

- Haired.

- Hairdressing.

- Barber Shop.

- Toupee.

- Furry.

Paste

- Job.

- Glued.

- Catchy.

- Gluing.

- Stickiness.

- Sticky.

- Glue.

Paper

- Paper.

- Paper.

- Paper.

- Paperwork.

- Paper bin.

- Stationery.

- Stationer.

- Ballot.

- To paper.

- Paperwork.

- Paperine.

Fruit

- Fruit platter.

- Fruit store.

- Fruit.

- Fruitful.

- Fructification.

- Fructify.

- Fructose.

- Fruitful.

- Strawberry.

- Strawberry.

- Fruity.

- FRUITCULTURE.

Fundamental

- Fundamentalism.

- Fundamentalist.

- Base.

- Basis.

- Rationale.

Fulgurate

- Dazzling.

- Fulguration.

- Glare.

- Fulgir.

- Bright.

To smoke

- Smokes.

- Smoked.

- Smokehouse.

- Smoker.

- Stoner.

Fumigate

- Fumigation.

- Fumigator.

- Fumigation.

- Smoking.

Functional

- Functionality.

- Functionalism.

- Functionalist.

- Functioning.

Function

- Civil servant.

- Civil servant.

- Official.

- Functionality.

Mouth

- Bite.

- Puff.

- Sandwich.

- Little mouth.

- Bocona.

- Bocota.

Colour

- Colorful.

- Colorant.

- Coloration.

- Red.

- Colorado.

- Colorant.

- Color.

- Color.

- Rouge.

- Colorín.

- Colorcito.

- Colourist.

- Colorism.

Firewood

- Woodcutter.

- Lumberjack.

- Firewood.

- Firewood.

- Woodshed.

- Log.

- Woody.

Scene

- Stage.

- Scenic.

- Staged.

- Staging.

- Stage.

- Scenography.

- Scenographic.

- Scenographer.

Broom

- Broom.

- Broom.

- Swab.

- Brush.

- Brushing.

Pasture

- Shepherd.

- Pasture.

- Shepherdess.

- Pasture.

- Pastureland.

- Grazing.

- Pastoral.

- Pastal.

Salt

- Salt shaker.

- to Salt.

- Salty.

- Seasoning.

- Brackish.

- Saltpeter.

- Saline.

- Saltiness.

- Brine.

Handle

- Manipulative.

- Manipulator.

- Manipulated.

- Handling.

Material

- Materialism.

- Materiality.

- Materialistic.

- Materialization.

- Materialize.

Save

- Salvation.

- savior.

- Rescue.

- Saved.

- Salvation.

Get pregnant

- Pregnant.

- Embarrassing.

- Pregnancy.

- Pregnant.

To reason

- Reason.

- Reasoning.

- Reasoning.

- Reasoning.

Dispose of

- Alienation.

- Alienator.

- Alienates.

- Alienation.

- Alienable.

- Alienated.

Movie theater

- Cinema.

- Filmmaker.

- Cinematograph.

- Cinematography.

- Cinephile.

Balance

- Balance.

- Balanced.

- Balancing.

- Equilibrist.

Sure

- Clarity.

- Clearly.

- Clear out.

- Clarification.

- Clarify.

Table

- meson.

- Small table.

- Waiter.

- Innkeeper.

Herb

- Peppermint.

- Herbivorous.

- Herbal.

- Herbal.

- Herbajero.

- Herbage.

to register

- Registry.

- Registrable.

- Registered.

- Recorder.

Persuade

- Persuasive.

- Persuasion.

- Persuasive.

- Persuader.

- Persuaded.

Think

- Thoughtful.

- Thinker.

- Thinking.

- Thought.

- Thought-out.

Blue

- Bluish.

- Blue.

- Tile.

- Tile.

- Bluish.

- Little blue.

Ticket

- Bulletin.

- Ticket.

- Ticketing.

- Ticket office.

- Ticket holder.

Donate

- Donation.

- Donor.

- Donor.

- Donation.

- Donated.

Candy

- Candy store.

- Dulcification.

- Confectioner.

- Sweeten.

- Sweetness.

- Sweetness.

- Dulcito.

Tragedy

- Tragicomedy.

- Tragic.

- Tragicomic.

Blow

- Blowtorch.

- Blowing.

- Blew it.

- Blower

To protect

- Protective.

- Protected.

- Protection.

- Protectionism.

- Protectionist.

Label

- Marker pen.

- Labeled.

- Lettering.

- Signwriter.

- Label.

Hide

- Hidden.

- Hiding.

- Hiding place.

Shape

- According.

- Conformist.

- Conformation.

- Conformity.

- Accordance.

To dominate

- Dominant.

- Domineering.

- Domination.

- Dominant.

- Dominatrix.

Dose

- Dose.

- Dispenser.

- Dosage.

- Dosed.

Drug

- Drug addiction.

- Junkie.

- Drugged.

- Drug.

- Drugged.

- Drug.

Exclusive

- Exclusively.

- Exclusiveness.

- Exclusivism.

- Exclusive.

- Exclusivism.

- Exclusive.

Evolve

- Evolution.

- Evolutionism.

- Evolutionist.

- Evolutionary.

Hail

- Hailstorm.

- Hail.

Irritate

- Irritating.

- Irritation.

- Irritable.

- Irritability.

To regret

- Lament.

- Lamentation.

- Regretter.

- Regrettable.

Legal

- Legality.

- Legalism.

- Legalist.

- Legalizable.

- Legalization.

- Legalize.

Legitimize

- Legitimate.

- Legitimation.

- Legitimizing.

- Legitimacy.

- Legitimist.

- Legitimate.

Legislate

- Legislative.

- Legislator.

- Legislation.

- Legislature.

- Legist.

Handle

- Driving.

- Handled.

- Manageable.

- Manageability.

- Unmanageable.

Mechanics

- Mechanical.

- Mechanism.

- Mechanization.

- Machining.

- Mechanize.

Morpho

- Morphology.

- Morphologic.

- Morphosyntax.

- Isomorphic.

Multiply

- Multiplication.

- Multiplier.

- Multiplying.

- Multiplicity.

- Multiple.

Number

- Numeric.

- Numerator.

- Numerary.

- Numerous.

- Numeration.

Dance

- Dance.

- Dancer.

- Dancer.

Weak

- Weakness.

- Weakening.

- Undermining.

- Weakening.

- Debilitating.

- Weaken.

To sue

- Defendant.

- Plaintiff.

- Applicant.

- Demand.

Democracy

- Democrat.

- Democratic.

- Christian Democrat.

- Democratization.

- Democratizing.

- Democratize.

Detonate

- Detonating.

- Detonator.

- Detonation.

Destroy

- Destroyer.

- Destructible.

- Destructive.

- Destructiveness.

- Destroyable.

- Destructible.

To praise

- Praise.

- Eulogist.

- Praiseworthy.

- Appreciative.

Cheat

- Cheated.

- Deceiver.

- Misleading.

- Deceit.

- Cheated.

Novel

- Novelist.

- Novel.

- Novelty.

- Novelist.

- Fictional.

- Novelist.

- Novelistic.

- Novelon.

Occupy

- Occupant.

- Occupant.

- Occupation.

- Occupational.

Penetrate

- Penetrating.

- Penetrating.

- Penetration.

- Penetrable.

- Penetrability.

Weigh

- Weighting.

- Weighted.

- Weighing.

- Ponderable.

- Practice

- Practicing.

- Practicable.

- Practice.

Preach

- Predicament.

- Preacher.

- Preachers.

- Preaching.

- Preaching.

Lend

- Borrower.

- Frontman.

- Loan.

- Lender.

- Benefit.

Try

- Probative.

- Fitting room.

- Tried.

- Probable.

- Probabilist.

- Probabilism.

- Probability.

Ban

- Prohibitive.

- Forbidden.

- Prohibitionist.

- Prohibition.

- Prohibition.

Prolong

- Prolongation.

- Dragged on.

- Extension.

- Extendable.

Fear

- Fearful.

- Reckless.

- Temerity.

- Fearful.

Temporize

- Temporize.

- Timer.

- Timing.

- Temporary.

- Temporas.

- Temporary.

- Temporary.

- Temporalize.

- Temporality.

- Temporary.

- Season.

Universal

- Universality.

- Universalism.

- Universalist.

- Universe.

- Universalization.

- Universalize.

Develop

- Developer.

- Urbanization.

- Town.

- Urban planner.

- Town planning.

- Urbanity.

- Urban.

Useful

- Props.

- Utilero.

- Utility.

- Utilitarian.

- Utilitarianism.

- Utilitarian.

- Usable.

- Utilization.

- User.

- Use.

References

  1. Word family. (2019). Spain: Wikipedia. Recovered from: es.wikipedia.org.
  2. Definition of lexical family. (2013). (N / a): Grammars. Recovered from: grammaticas.net.
  3. 25 examples of lexical families. (2019). Colombia: Examples. Recovered from: examples.co.
  4. Navarro, J. (2015). Definition of lexical family. (N / a): ABC definition. Recovered from: definicionabc.com.
  5. Lexical family: definition and examples. (2019). (N / a): Easy Language and Literature. Recovered from: lenguayliteraturafacil.com.

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