10 Animals of the Ecuadorian Amazon (East)

Alexander Pearson
10 Animals of the Ecuadorian Amazon (East)

Some of the most outstanding animals of the Amazon or eastern Ecuador are the squirrel monkey, the capybara, the macaw, the jaguar, the hummingbird, the manatee, the piranhas, the bats or the giant otter..

The east of Ecuador, also called the Amazonian zone of Ecuador, is a region that includes large areas of tropical forest and represents almost half of the territory of the South American country..

In its extension are the provinces of Sucumbíos, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Zamora and Morona. It has several indigenous groups that have populated its forests for hundreds of years and still inhabit the area, selling handicrafts to tourists who visit the forests, since each year the tourist interest grows..

Thanks to its diversity and climate, eastern Ecuador is home to hundreds of species of animals characteristic of the Amazon.

Featured animals of the Ecuadorian Amazon

Squirrel monkey

They are small long-tailed monkeys, they have short orange fur on their limbs and the upper part of their head is dark.

They are omnivores, they can eat both seeds and fruits as well as insects or small birds. They are very stealthy and spend most of their time climbing trees to stay at the top.

Capybara or chigüiro

It is the largest rodent on earth. Usually found in groups and live near water sources.

Their fur is dark and they have practically no tail. They enjoy rolling around in the mud to protect themselves from the sun and the females of this species are usually larger than the males..

Their diet is mainly based on herbs or aquatic plants.


This species of bird prefers hot and humid climates. They are normally in large groups of up to 8 members and feed mainly on seeds, fruits and some insects..

It is characterized by being very colorful, with colors such as red, blue and yellow.


It is one of the most significant predators in the Amazon and the third largest feline in the world. They like to swim a lot, so they are always in areas close to the water.

Its skin is yellowish with the characteristic black spots all over its body. This predator can swim, climb and run at high speed, making it very difficult for its prey to escape.

Unfortunately, the beauty of its skin has caused hunters to kill much of this species and today it is considered to be in danger of extinction..

Frogs or toads

The most common species of toads in eastern Ecuador is known as the giant neo tropical.

This animal has poisonous glands that kills most of its predators, which is why it is called a pest in some areas..

They normally feed on small insects and invertebrate animals.


It is a popular small bird for its wings that move very fast. They have a dark color and some species have greenish tones.

It measures approximately 9 centimeters and they feed on the nectar of flowers and small insects.

Giant otter

Mammal that inhabits the fresh waters of the Amazon. Their skin is usually light or dark brown and can grow up to 1.50 meters long..

Their tail and webbed legs allow them to swim fairly quickly. They feed on small fish and usually hunt in groups of up to 15 individuals..

Currently due to human interest in their skin, it is also in danger of extinction.

Amazonian manatee

It is a unique freshwater siren. It feeds on aquatic plants and some terrestrial plants and in the rainy periods they usually increase the number of times they eat per day to increase their body fat and prepare for periods of low food..

This species is usually solitary and in mating seasons they can be seen in pairs. The manatee's skin is dark gray and lacks hair..


It is one of the most poisonous snakes in the world. Its main characteristic is the sound that its tail produces when it feels threatened, very similar to a rattlesnake..

It usually attacks its prey at night and these are usually small mammals. They can be up to two meters long.


It is an animal known for having slow movements. They are usually grayish in color with white spots on the eyes.

Their arms are longer than their legs and they are usually found alone. Their diet is based on leaves of the trees where they usually hang to sleep.

The peccary

Many people mistake the peccary for a pig or wild boar. Although it looks like a wild pig, this animal is from a family of mammals other than pigs, which come from Europe.


There are several species of bats that inhabit the jungle of Ecuador. More than a hundred species can be found in the tropical forest.

The pink dolphins

Amazonian dolphins are pink in color and are fierce aquatic predators.

They are the largest river dolphins in the world and are found in all the large rivers in the area.

The giant catfish

The giant catfish that lives in the Amazon basin has many names; it is commonly known as Amazonian catfish or golden catfish.

It is an extremely large fish and can exceed two meters in length.

The piranhas

Piranhas are recognized worldwide as small carnivorous fish with great appetites. These fish can be found in the rivers of the Amazon region of Ecuador.

Freshwater crab

The freshwater crabs that live in the waters of the Amazon are small, which is why they are rarely used in dishes from the region..

Apart from various species of crabs, many types of shrimp can also be found in the fresh waters of the jungle..

The scarlet parakeet

It is known in Ecuador as the scarlet macaw, which is the local name for parakeets or parrots. This bird can measure about 90 centimeters and is made up of various colors.

It is sought after by traffickers for its high demand as a pet given the attractiveness of its shiny plumage..

When allowed to live in nature, it feeds on fruits on the banks of Amazonian rivers and can live up to 60 years.

The mountain turkey

The mount guan is, unlike the scarlet parakeet, a solitary bird that lives in trees or bushes.

It looks like a turkey, with the difference that its plumage is of many different colors.


The tapir is another mammal that likes to spend a lot of time in the water. It is dark gray in color and has a distinctive trunk. Like the pig or the hippopotamus, it has very short fur.

This animal is coveted by the locals for its meat that is said to be tasty. Overhunting is one of the factors that has put it on the list of endangered animals.


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  3. Butler, R. “Amazon Wildlife” in Mongabay (January, 2017). Retrieved on September 14, 2017 from Mongabay: rainforests.mongabay.com.
  4. "The Wildlife of Ecuador" in Adventure Life. Retrieved on September 14, 2017 in Adventure Life: adventure-life.com.
  5. Gonzalez, G. "Fauna and Flora of the East" in Easy Viajar. Retrieved on September 14, 2017 in Easy Viajar: easyviajar.com.

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