Classification of stories main genres

Jonah Lester

The classification of stories it can be done according to its genre and according to its narrative form. Common genres include fairy, science fiction, horror, adventure, mystery, realistic, children's, and historical genres.

Similarly, stories can also be classified into two main categories: those that are transmitted orally and those that are transmitted in writing..

A story is a narrative generally short in length that deals with events whose nature may be real or fictional. In them, a main character or protagonist is usually found, along with several supporting or secondary characters. Within this type of narration, the argument or plot can be simple and always seeks to entertain the reader.

The stories are one of the most representative cultural elements of humanity, since they have been part of its history for a long period of time..

Thousands of years ago they were only of the oral type, later becoming also of the written type. This has allowed many of them to have passed from one generation to another..

The classification of the stories is given according to their purpose. Each type of story can have a different purpose that allows it to be classified within a category.

For example, historical tales are intended to reveal historical information. For their part, fairy tales may have as their main objective to entertain.

Article index

  • 1 According to its narrative form
    • 1.1 Oral stories
    • 1.2 Written stories
  • 2 Stories according to their genre
    • 2.1 Fairy tales
    • 2.2 Science fiction stories
    • 2.3 Adventure stories
    • 2.4 Horror stories
    • 2.5 Children's stories
    • 2.6 Mystery tales
    • 2.7 Realistic tales
    • 2.8 Historical tales
    • 2.9 Folk tales
    • 2.10 Police tales
    • 2.11 Wonderful stories
    • 2.12 Fantastic tales
    • 2.13 Others

According to its narrative form

Oral stories

Within this group are all the stories that can be communicated orally. Historically they have been used to transmit a story from one generation to another. This is how within this group we can find myths (a type of fantastic narration similar to stories).

Oral stories are always of anonymous origin and some details included in them may vary depending on the person or place in which they are narrated..

Written stories

This category includes all the stories that are traditionally recorded in writing. On many occasions, the stories that were initially stories of oral tradition, over time become written stories.

They can also be called literary stories, since they are transmitted only by using written language. On the other hand, its authors are generally known.

Stories according to their genre

Fairy tales

This type of stories is characterized by the fact that magic and fantastic events predominate in them. Usually, the characters that participate in them are of a fantastic character, such as fairies, gnomes, knights, princesses, elves, goblins, trolls, witches, orcs, among others..

All these characters have some kind of influence - positive or negative - within the plot. The most common audience for these stories is children, however, the more elaborate the story's plot, the broader the audience will be..

A good example of these are the tales of "The Lord of the Rings", where the plot, settings and events can be attractive to a wide segment of the population..

There are some stories within this category that initially belonged only to the oral tradition and that over time were compiled in writing. Such is the case of the Odyssey and the Nibelungs.

Science fiction stories

As the name implies, science fiction stories are stories that deal with a scientific or pseudoscientific topic from a futuristic, adventure, horror or love perspective..

Generally, space travel, global catastrophes, moments of artificial or automated life, time travel and travel to another dimension take place..

It is common to see how in this type of story the characters can be robots, humanoids or aliens.

Tales of adventure

This type of stories can include other types, such as police, science fiction, horror, epics, among others..

As its name indicates, in this type of story the characters must deal with problems, dangers, vicissitudes and situations that somehow place them in an adventure situation..

These situations are presented as obstacles that must be overcome by the characters.

Horror stories

This type of stories is structured on the basis of everything that can instill fear in human beings. They are designed to create the feeling of mystery, suspense and fear.

In this way, within this type of story there are characters such as zombies, ghosts, ghosts, monsters, or any type of individuals that can evoke a supernatural event or that causes psychological terror..

Children's Stories

These types of stories are aimed at a child audience, generally for them to listen to it. For this reason, they commonly tell happy and sympathetic stories, similar to those told in fairy tales, but with more pleasant endings..

The characters are usually princesses, animals, children, peasants, and in general beings that despite the vicissitudes always have a "happy ending.".

Many children's stories are oriented to give a more pedagogical message, in this way they use a simpler language that helps them to be easily understood by all audiences.

In the same way, they seek to introduce teachings about moral, social and even religious values ​​within their narrative..

Mystery tales

They are stories that focus on stories where the characters must solve a mystery. They almost always use detectives, police and crime to develop the stories. Sometimes they can include magical events to attract the attraction of readers.

Realistic tales

These stories use everyday events to achieve a credible appearance, in this way it seems that they are talking about reality.

For this reason, there is no place for magical or fantastic events, neither mythical, monstrous, science fiction events, or of any kind that may go beyond the margins of reality are included..

The realistic stories are located in a credible space and time frame, easily identifiable, since they are generally taken from real life.

This is how it is possible to find references to towns, cities, countries and places that any individual could visit..

On many occasions, they have a high degree of attachment to historical events, in this way, they can resemble historical tales. However, his character is fictitious.

Another detail that is worth mentioning is that, in its narrative many details are included in order to give the story a clear appearance of reality.

Historical tales

As their name says, they are stories whose main sustenance is history. Most of the time they are closely linked to reality, making use of certain nuances that allow them to diverge a bit from the plot in relation to the real events that actually happened in history.

Folk tales

They are narrations that take place mainly orally, which speak of simple events, often fantastic, impregnated with certain elements of local folklore and popular beliefs of a specific place. Being of oral tradition, they can sometimes undergo changes throughout history.

Police tales

As the name implies, they are stories in which the plot unfolds around a mystery, crime or police event. Sometimes they can be narrated from the perspective of a policeman, detective or criminal.

Although they manage to take on a real appearance, they are usually fictitious narratives that only use real details to capture the reader's attention..

Wonderful tales

They are stories whose characters do not exist in the real world, however, they are perceived as if they were normal during the narration.

Some examples of these characters are dragons, witches, princesses, fairies, and in general all animals that can speak.

An important characteristic of these types of stories is that they do not specify the time or place where you happen. That is, a wonderful story can begin with the words "once upon a time" or "once upon a time.".

In this way it is always implied that it is a remote place, but it does not speak very specifically of what place it is..

On the other hand, these types of stories do not place much emphasis on details. Therefore, the descriptions are short, only rough features of the characters and places are highlighted.

In this sense, the focus of this type of story is to tell a story in which the characters usually have to face various tests.

Fantastic tales

This type of story is characterized by including an atypical or abnormal element in a story that appears to be real. For this reason, fantasy stories may include some science fiction stories..

When reading these stories, the audience may think that they are real events, however, all the events that take place within these stories are the product of the author's imagination through the character's imagination..

Therefore, supernatural events and events that generate uncertainty in the reader are usually treated until a denouement takes place within the story..


Among other types of stories that can be found are romantic, comedy and suspenseful..

The narrative of each of these types depends on their gender, therefore, the romantics deal with love stories, the comedy ones seek to generate laughter in the reader and the suspenseful ones manage to generate a state of tension in the audience.


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  4. Literatura, L. and. (2017). Language and literature. Obtained from HOW MANY KINDS OF STORIES ARE THERE ?

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