The parts of a report They are the headline, opening paragraph or entry, body of the report and final paragraph. The report is an informative text in which a specific topic is developed. It is a journalistic genre that narrates the events or facts of any type of action. It is a documentary work planned and organized in clearly distinguishable parts.
The reports are longer and more complete than the news and are usually accompanied by interviews, or images that give more truth and body to the news. The subject of the report is varied; real events of a general nature, related to society, travel, sports, politics, economy, etc..
The key to a good story is that it attracts the reader's attention. They can refer to some news that has transpired and through the report it is analyzed in more depth.
Reports normally use broadcast channels from traditional media, such as television, radio, and magazines. They are created by providing data, testimonials, expert statements and photographs.
The reports, in general, are divided into four parts:
As in the news, the headline can be accompanied by a pretitle and a subtitle. This part of the report is where the information about what the report is about is exposed. The headline has to arouse the reader's attention or curiosity.
The opening paragraph, like the headline, has to hook the reader. In this part of the report the summary of the same is presented.
That is, the list or sequence of points in the report. In addition, it has to be descriptive, this means that it has to describe the place where the action takes place, or a small description of the situation or the fact..
It is good that it is also used in a contrasted way, putting two situations first and indicating what has changed. And a quote from one of the characters or experts participating in the report is also usually included..
It is important that the context in which the report is carried out is clear in the opening paragraph. In addition to a small development of the facts.
In this part of the report it is clear what type of report is being carried out:
Within the body of the report we can distinguish several parts according to which paragraph we are referring to. These paragraphs can be:
It can also be found as the opening paragraph we talked about above, but this indicates the first paragraph of the body of the report, which goes into a little more detail on the situation.
You can also develop the citation of one of the characters in the report or the experts who have been consulted for the writing of the report.
In these first paragraphs of the body of the report, the topic to be discussed is introduced in a limited way.
The points to be followed in the report are stated and in what aspect the body of the report will focus.
These paragraphs provide the historical context or concepts necessary to understand what the report is about..
They are necessary for the reader to understand the topic that is being dealt with in the report and obtain the necessary information regarding the central topic, before getting fully into it.
It is at this point where we develop the topic to be discussed to the maximum. This paragraph explains in detail the facts on which the report focuses.
In addition, citations are added, whether direct or indirect, of the people portrayed in the report, or of the experts consulted to offer their opinion on the subject and help the reader to gain a broader vision of the subject that is being treated..
It is at this point as well, where statistics or comparison data with other similar topics that are related are included..
It is important to include in these paragraphs the sources and citations on which we rely for the writing of the report..
In this last paragraph of the body of the report, the subject begins to close, which will be completely closed with the final paragraph.
A small summary of the topics that have been discussed is established, giving rise to the final paragraph.