What is egraphy?

Robert Johnston
What is egraphy?

The egraphy, also written e-graph, refers to the addresses of the web pages that are consulted when carrying out a research work. In this sense, the egraphy is part of the bibliographic references, because it provides information from the consulted sources..

The use of the term "egraphy" for information retrieved from electronic media is much more appropriate than that used previously: "bibliography".

From bibliography to egraphy

In the absence of a more specific term, at the end of the investigations, any source (print, audiovisual, online) was usually collected under the name of "bibliography".

However, the word "bibliography" contains the prefix "biblio-", which means "book", so the information retrieved from web pages should not be classified in this category.

Thus, the term egraphy arises, in which the prefix e- refers to the “electronic” quality of the information.. 

APA standards and photographs

The American Psychological Association (APA, for its acronym in English) has established a series of norms to regulate the way in which the photographs are written, as well as the way in which the information obtained in electronic sources is cited..

The APA standards contemplate three cases of citations that are presented below.

Quotes less than 40 words

When you want to quote a text of less than forty words, it is included in the paragraph that is being written and is placed between quotation marks.

At the end of the citation, the author's last name is placed in parentheses, followed by a comma and the year in which the text was written.

For example:

Specialized languages ​​are the result of the diversification of activities within a society.

In this way, different specialty languages ​​are born that "... reflect the areas in which society has subdivided knowledge and experience for its own purposes ..." (Sager, 2007).

In the egraphy, the following data will be provided:

Author (date). Qualification. Extracted on [full date], from [link].

The egraphy for the previous example would be the following:

Sager, Carlos (2007). The evolution of specialty languages ​​and terminology. Retrieved June 6, 2017, from https://books.google.co.ve. 

Quotes greater than 40 words

To enter citations of more than forty words, the appointment is entered in a separate paragraph.

The paragraph must have an indentation of one centimeter on each side and single spacing.

For example:

According to Fedor, the terminology is:

(…) The science that studies the formation and use of terms, understanding under “term”, any conventional symbol that is assigned to a defined concept within a specific field of human knowledge, and under “science”, a body of methodically trained and ordered knowledge (...).


Fedor de Diego, Alicia (1995). Terminology: theory and practice. Retrieved June 6, 2017, from https://books.google.com.


To place the author of an image, the following format is followed:

Author. Image type: Map, photo, illustration. Image name. Recovered from [link].

For example:

Bryan Talbot. Illustration. The Sandman: Destiny. Recovered from https://www.vertigocomics.com/characters/the-sandman.

If you do not have the information in the image, you should only place the link.


  1. Reference list: Electronic Sources. Retrieved on June 6, 2017, from owl.english.purdue.edu.
  2. Citing Electronic Sources in APA Format. Retrieved on June 6, 2017, from usm.maine.edu.
  3. APA Style Blog: Electronic References. Retrieved on June 6, 2017, from blog.apastyle.org.
  4. Citing Electronic Sources. APA Style. Retrieved on June 6, 2017, from deltacollege.edu.
  5. APA Style for Electronic Sources. Retrieved on June 6, 2017, from dentonisd.org.
  6. Cite and Electronic Source. Retrieved on June 6, 2017, from writing.wisc.edu.
  7. Citing electronic sources using APA referencing Retrieved June 6, 2017, from student.unsw.edu.au.

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