Psychosis is an alteration of perception, behavior, emotions and thinking that can lead people to experience a serious disconnection with reality. When a person suffers from psychosis, they present symptoms such as anxiety, lack of concentration, hallucinations, delusions or even depression, among many others. This is a state that commonly occurs in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders such as Reactive Psychosis, a psychological disorder that we will talk about below..
Reactive psychosis is a rare psychological disorder in which periods of psychotic behavior occur suddenly and of short duration. These psychotic behaviors can range from hallucinations, delusions or confusion among others.
To be able to speak of reactive psychosis, it must appear suddenly and not extend beyond a month. There are three types of reactive psychosis
The symptoms of this disorder usually last a few days or weeks, however their severity can even lead the patient to experience certain risks such as suicide or violent behavior. These are symptoms that also occur in other psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. The most common are hallucinations and delusions.
Besides hallucinations and delusions, other common symptoms are:
Although the causes of this disorder are not entirely clear, a possible genetic relationship important for its development is being considered. It seems that it is more common for this condition to appear in people who have relatives who suffer or have suffered from psychotic or mood disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or depression..
Reactive psychosis is a disorder that not only develops from biological or genetic causes, but also from context. Thus, a traumatic event such as a tragic loss or a violent accident can trigger this state of alteration and disconnection from reality..
In addition, other personality characteristics, such as poor coping skills, can make a person more prone to react.
in this maladaptive way as a defense weapon against a very stressful reality.
Usually the symptoms of reactive psychosis resolve on their own in a period of no more than a month. Although most people with this disorder only experience it once, after a stressful occasion, some may experience it more times. If this happens and the symptoms do not diminish, it will be a mental health professional who should consider whether the patient is not suffering from a major disorder.
During the development of reactive psychosis, health professionals usually evaluate the symptoms to rule out other causes and commonly prescribe some medications such as antipsychotics or antidepressants to be able to control the symptoms. In addition, patients are often supervised with a view to controlling possible harm to themselves or others and professionals can accompany the treatment with psychotherapy to ensure that the patient understands what is happening to him and can manage the symptoms more effectively.
Psychology Today. Brief Psychotic Disorder. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/conditions/brief-psychotic-disorder
MedlinePlus. Brief Psychotic Disorder. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001529.htm