Coaching is a new discipline that brings us closer to achieving goals, allowing us to develop personally and professionally. It is a competition that helps you think differently, improve the communications you maintain and deepen yourself.
It could be said that coaching is the art of working with others so that they obtain unusual results and improve their performance. It is an activity that generates new possibilities for action and allows extraordinary results.
Another way of defining coaching is, an alliance between tutor and client, it is an agreement between the parties, which establishes the objectives to be achieved, the way to carry out the program, the work schedule and the evaluation of the results that the student is reaching.
Coaching is much more than a management tool, it is a way of being and doing. Which makes it a great tool in business management and an invaluable tool in personal development to achieve both personal and professional goals..
Many consider that coaching is still an incipient technique. However, and after the premises given, we can think that coaching, although not so baptized, has existed since the beginning of time..
Tutors have always existed providing support, encouragement and planning actions to achieve a specific objective. In another more formal aspect, many of the principles of coaching derive from psychology, and education. Therefore coaching is not a new discipline. Perhaps what has been achieved is that it is also based on philosophy.
The basis of coaching is in psychology, specifically in psychological theory, and often in psychological practices. Coaching is based on humanistic psychology, a science created by Maslow that deals with human values and personal development.
Mentoring involves examining and clarifying the individual's needs and values, and developing goals that lead to personal and professional development..
Although we can say that it is based on some models of therapy.
Although there are many others, it is based on the following:
Once the types of therapy are known, we are going to list the fundamental coincidences and differences between therapy and coaching.
Training is an important point is everyone. All organizations invest heavily in training programs.
In any case, it has been shown that only between 8 and 12 per cent of those who attend training courses transform new techniques and knowledge into a measurable improvement in performance. This is due to the fact that many programs do not allow the implementation of the learned techniques: the individual tries, but if they encounter obstacles, they return to their previous behavior..
Training programs do not benefit everyone, only some. Coaching, on the other hand, is personalized and oriented to the needs of each individual..
In training, change comes from the outside, while coaching tries to clarify inner values, enhancing their motivation..
Workplace consulting is another discipline closely related to and sometimes confused with coaching. Workplace consulting often involves overcoming an underperforming situation by solving a specific problem..
Sometimes a consultant in the workplace can take on a coaching role. However, there are differences between the traditional consulting and coaching models.
The purpose of consulting is to make problem employees aware of them and to be able to recognize that there is a difference between their current performance and their desired performance. A plan needs to be developed to correct and fix it. Instead, coaching is a continuous development process that enables employees to gain the skills they need to evolve professionally and personally, and better perform their tasks both at work and in personal life..
As much as mentoring seems a synonym for coaching, it is necessary not to confuse the two disciplines. Mentoring, according to Lewis, is "a natural way of transmitting knowledge, techniques and experiences to others by someone who is usually older, more erudite and endowed with life experience and a broader specific knowledge".
Two other definitions of mentoring are:
Mentoring is based on the “mentor”, which traditionally was those older and more educated people who transmitted their wisdom, knowledge and advice to someone younger, but less expert..
This knowledge was passed down from generation to generation. However, modern mentoring relationships are based on a more mutual, equal and collaborative learning alliance. These characteristics also apply to the coaching relationship..