The ornithology It is the science practiced by those who love and fond of birds. It is encompassed in a larger science, zoology.
Ornithologists study birds in any shape and in any habitat, this includes both zoos and natural environments..
Its main classification methods are guided depending on the kinship found in the same birds and the evolution of that bird over the years, internally and externally (body, bones ...).
Like all science, ornithology is a series of large and complex studies. Also, study what are the functions within the body of each bird. Also, it seeks to understand all its anatomy and morphology.
Ornithologists are also in charge of understanding and looking for those problems that may affect the ecosystem of a certain species of animals and try to solve the problem, avoiding extinctions of more species, in this case of birds..
Likewise, ornithology also needs to understand the habits of different birds, in addition to their song, their instincts and their most common practices, among other things related to the customs of these animals and the differences between each species..
Mainly, to be able to carry out studies on birds, their practical characteristics, anatomy, habitats and classify them in general, the ornithologist must take into account that it will be done more easily and quickly if he has binoculars, knows the place of study, or in an extreme case, if you have a guide or map.
Its birth comes from the most remote years, since it is considered that among human beings of all times there has been a special interest in knowing birds.
Although perhaps this interest was not formally considered as a science, they always tried to know the behavior of birds, classify them according to sounds and even verify daily uses, both in medicine and in gastronomy..
In fact, the names of the birds used today are due to ways of calling them since ancient times, almost always based on the sounds emitted by which the animal was identified.
There are several books of different famous people of antiquity, such as Aristotle, where the presence of ornithological studies present in Greek society is already recognized..
Poultry farming is considered to be practiced in western regions even before Christ, and that is also part of ornithology.
In 1555 Pierre Belon carried out one of the most important works that has repercussions even today. He was in charge of studying and talking about the characteristics of the most popular fish and birds in France.
He wrote a book called L'Histoire de la nature des oyseaux, which contains every detail of about 200 kinds of animals. In addition, he made a comparison between the human skeleton and that of aerial animals.
For its part, the first work on birds carried out in the British community was written by William Turner, who talked about the history of these animals and what are the main birds frequently found in the cities of this country..
He mentions the red kites and gives everyday examples, such as that they always roamed the street and were dedicated to stealing food from children.
On the other hand, he spoke about certain myths existing in that society, such as that fishermen always had the desire to kill eagles because they thought they had killed what they had previously caught..
In the last decades of the sixteenth century, knowledge of ornithology began to take hold even more and although these studies were carried out by "amateurs", many of these books contributed in a special way to the scientific ornithological knowledge of today..
In this group enter Francis Willugbhby and John Ray, who began to order and classify each aerial animal depending exclusively on the habits and anatomy of each species, creating a break and difference between the way of previous classification.
His books were called Ornithologiae libri three (written by Willughby) and Synopsis methodica, but originally it was titled Ornithology (posted by Ray)
Two other important figures in ornithology studies in the past and who have left great teachings for this branch of zoology have been Mathurin Jacques Brisson and Georges Louis Leclerc.
He was commissioned to write a book entitled Ornithologie in which he dedicated six volumes to specifically talk about different characteristics of the best known and most observed birds.
Wrote a book called Histoire naturelle générale et particulière and there included nine exclusive specimens for birds.
In the 19th century, the Frenchman François Le Vaillant was sponsored by Coenraad Jacob Temminck to dedicate himself to the collection, study and subsequent publication of all the characteristics of African birds. The result was a six-volume book entitled Histoire naturelle des oiseaux d'Afrique.
Finally, Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot reserved and devoted ten years of his life observing and trying to understand the different North American birds, until he was able to write a book with all their practices and habitats, among other aspects. The work was titled and called Histoire naturelle des oiseaux de l'Amerique septentrionale.