What are the Elements of a Biography?

Egbert Haynes

Between the elements of a biography highlights the data of the protagonist's parents, important childhood events, studies, first jobs and professional achievements, couples and friends, psychological characteristics, among others.

A biography includes in-depth information about a person's education, work, relationships, and death. In other words, a biography tries to include all the intimate details of a person's life, including sometimes the analysis of their personality..

Albert Einstein's biography.

The purpose of a biography is to inform about the life of a person, giving relevant details about it.

Almost all biographies include the basic details of the life of its protagonist, such as date of birth and the places where he lived. However, the elements that are included in a biography depend on the approach you want to give to it..

Other potential elements included in a person's biography include their education, details about their personal relationships, information about their death, and stories and experiences that the reader may find interesting, thoughtful, or entertaining. The longer the biography, the more details will be included in it..

The audience to which the biography is directed affects the information presented in it. For example, if the biography is aimed at a general audience, it can include details about the person's personal and work life.

You may also be interested in the characteristics of a biography.

Basic information in a biography

The basic information of the person is the one that relates the most significant data of his life. The following elements are primarily included:

- Date and place of birth: When and where the person was born.

- Family information: Who were the members of your family, did you have a partner, children or any other family member worth mentioning.

- Personal achievements: Any achievement worth mentioning.

- Major life events: Experiences that have taken place during childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age.

- Effect or impact on society: Any gesture that had an impact on their social environment.

- Historical significance: Facts about the role the person played in the story.

This information is necessary in any biography and must be presented in a coherent and well-written way so that it can capture the attention of the public..

These data are enough to make a short biography of the person, however, you can delve deeper into the life of the person in case you want to write a longer biography (Epals, n.d.).

Deep insights

Hobbies, Interests and Activities

Any hobby or activity that the person did, and data that contribute to making this information more interesting.

At this point, it is important to detail if these hobbies, interests or activities are related to other aspects of life.

On some occasions, the biography of the person can focus on these aspects to be developed. This is the case of athletes or prominent figures in some type of outdoor activity.

Even hobbies and interests can result in some kind of professional career that makes the person worthy of recognition..


Some interesting stories about the person, his relationship with other individuals, reasons why he became important.

In general, all kinds of information are included to help define why the person became famous or why they are publicly recognized..

Within the anecdotes, stories about the obstacles they had to overcome, the risks they had to run, and the adverse situations that people had to face to achieve their goals can also be included..


Data related to the professional development of the person. In some occasions, the professional career is closely related to the hobbies, activities and interests of the person.

All information related to the contributions made by the person at a professional level and within their field of work is included..

Some biographies are written with a focus on the person's career, as this is what made them famous in the first place..


Any type of information related to the reasons why the person became famous, such as the moment in life when they achieved fame or the people who contributed to the process of becoming famous.

Late life or old age

Any details about the person's experiences when their life was about to end.

In this sense, one can talk about the contributions made late, their social relationships during old age, the ways in which they spent their free time, the type of work they did, and the honors, awards, recognitions or distinctions they may have received. during these last years of life.


Time and place where the person died. Any relevant data related to the cause of death and the circumstances in which it took place can be provided.

In this section of a biography you can highlight any detail that may indicate that the circumstances in which the person died were unusual.

Photos and portraits

Any photographs of the person, artistic portraits and representations of the person can also be included within the biography..

Interesting data

A bio can include different kinds of interesting facts about the person that help flesh out the writing..

For example, data about childhood, personal tastes or preferences, adjectives that describe their behavior or personality, turning points that changed their life, transition phases and people who influenced the person.

Interesting facts may include ideas from the person that can explain their reaction to unexpected situations..

You can also leave open or unsolved questions about the person's life, taking into account that there are aspects of the person's life that can be classified as mysterious

The interesting facts that allow you to delve into the life of a person are usually taken from primary and secondary sources, such as letters or emails, newspapers, newspapers, biographies of close people, reference books and stories told by their relatives, acquaintances and friends.


  1. (s.f.). Epals. Retrieved from Lesson: Introduce the Elements of Biographies: images.epals.com
  2. Fleming, G. (March 1, 2017). co. Retrieved from How to Write a Biography: thoughtco.com
  3. Manning, K. B. (July 20, 2010). com. Obtained from Characteristics of Good Biographies: education.com
  4. Network, S. (2017). Infoplease. Retrieved from Homework Center: How to Write a Biography: infoplease.com.

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