Some consider that executive coaching has become an overnight professional activity; but in reality the process has been much slower. It first appeared in 1985 and, although executive tutors have proliferated especially in the early 90's, tutors really began to be hired in the late 90's.
Coaching is a technique that allows to carry out a process of individualized help to a professional, a team or an organization to unleash their talent and empower them, maximizing the effectiveness of their activities..
In the case of executive coaching, it is a personalized form of learning that involves individually helping executives to learn and get the most out of them to take effective action, improve performance and personal growth, in addition to obtaining better business results for the organization. An attempt is made to highlight the strengths of the person.
According to Kilburg (1996) executive coaching is defined as:
“… A helping relationship between a client invested with corporate authority and responsibility in an organization and a consultant who uses a wide variety of behavioral techniques and methods to help the client achieve a set of mutually identified objectives to improve performance and, consequently, improve the effectiveness of your organization in a formally defined coaching agreement ”.
Thus, an attempt is made to highlight and enhance the strengths of the person and teach them to overcome weak points.
Some of the reasons why executive coaching is needed are the following:
According to scholars, executive coaching can be:
Related to performance, it consists of learning that improves the efficiency of the executive in their work.
Some executives perform better in a particular area. In Performance Mentoring, the objectives may not be as clear as in Skills Coaching (explained below) and a considerable portion of the time in Mentoring sessions may need to be spent on clarifying objectives. of the executive.
In techniques coaching, the mentoring process is specifically focused on the executive's current task. The coach helps the coachee learn specific techniques, attitudes and behaviors that will improve their performance at work.
Development coaching focuses on the future professional career of the executive, and implies the intention of future growth and the development of new competencies.
It includes the exploration of strengths and weaknesses, especially when it comes to coping with a shift into the unknown.
Coaching for the executive agenda means working with executives on any personal or professional matter.
On a personal level, it could translate into a work-life balance..
In the professional, it could include the leadership of an organizational change or the development of strategic planning and a long-term vision. Sometimes there is interference between agenda coaching and other types of executive mentoring.
Coaching for the agenda takes place in the context of a long-term mentoring relationship. Following the establishment of a formal coaching relationship, the student determines the course and direction to follow in order to reach the next level of success..
As we have explained previously, executive coaching provides an unquestionable service to those under tutelage.
The main advantages of this type of coaching are the following:
The success of a coaching intervention is given by the achievement of the established objectives through the development and execution of an action plan, although it is also related to the mentoring process itself.
Some of the tools that are normally used in executive coaching are the following:
As for its performance, some of the most common and requested are the following:
In executive coaching it is necessary to have a work planning, with a series of guidelines for the development of its management from the first meeting with the company management:
As we can see, executive coaching is an individualized and collaborative relationship between an executive and a coach, with the aim of achieving a sustained change in their behavior and transforming their quality of personal and professional life..